The 10 Components of Fitness
What are the 10 Components of Fitness?
Not so long ago if I was to ask a random stranger “Who do you think the fitness person in the world is?” they would think for a moment and then reply… “a Tri-Athlete” or “Marathon Runner” or “Iron Men” however the answer, 80% of the time it would point to an athlete or type of athlete that participated in an endurance sport, like those mentioned above.
But then that begs the question… Is an Olympic lifter not fit? The guy who can deadlift 500kg, he isn’t fit? What about a Gymnast, with all that agility, flexibility and coordination… are they not fit?
Well of cause they are, but the grand perception of “Fitness” by the general public was only athletes that participated in sporting events that primarily uses 1 or 2 component of fitness was (stamina and cardiovascular) but nothing else.
Where do they come from?
The CrossFit competitions comprise equally of these components meaning the athlete must excel in all of them in order to have a chance of winning and winning would mean being regarded as the “Fitness Person in the World”. When I first heard Crossfit declaring their winners as the fitness person in the world I thought it to be quite an arrogant thing at first, but when you read on about how it’s based on the components of fitness it actually makes sense.
There 10 recognized components of physical fitness, I have listed them out with the CrossFit definition, followed by my layman’s description of what each one means.
- Cardiovascular – The ability of the body system to gather, process and deliver oxygen. Meaning how efficient is your body as delivery oxygen around the body and to the muscles that are being used.
- Stamina – The ability of body systems to process, deliver, store and utilize energy. How good your body is at breaking down stored energy like Fat or Glycogen and using it to fuel the exercise/activity you are doing currently.
- Strength – The ability of a muscular unit, or combination of muscular units, to apply force. Basically your 1 rep max.
- Power – The ability of a muscular unit, or combination of muscular units, to apply maximum forces in minimum time. Explosive exercises like sprinting or pushing or pulling something heavy from one place to another as fast as you can.
- Agility – The ability to minimize transition time from one movement pattern to another. Have you seen Ninja Warrior?
- Speed – The ability to minimize the time cycle of a repeated movement. Hand speed for example, how many punches you can do in a minute or leg speed as a component to sprinting.
- Flexibility – The ability to maximize the range of motion at a given joint. Kind of self-explanatory really.
- Balance – The ability to control the placement of bodies centre of gravity in relation to its support base. How good are you at standing one 1 leg… on a poll… that’s on a Bosu ball? 😀
- Coordination – The ability to minimise transition time from one movement pattern to another.
- Accuracy – The ability to control movement in a given direction or at a given intensity. Umm…
So now, who do you think is the fitness person in the world, which athlete do you think has a good all-round level of each of these 10 components of fitness?